In Genesis 14:1-16 we read an account of Lot being taken captive and rescued by Abram. Its only 16 verses, but in these verses is a lot of information and confusing names, I just want to take a few minutes and break it down a little bit.
Four rebellious kings went to war with Chedorlaomer king of Elam, the king they served for 12 years, in year 13 they rebelled. The rebellious kings were:
- Bera king of Sodom
- Birsha king of Gomorrah
- Shinab king of Admah
- Shemeber king of Zeboiim
- the king of Bela
The kings loyal to Chedorlaomer were:
- Amraphel king of Shinar
- Arioch king of Ellasar
- Tidal king of Goiim
This group, 5 kings vs 4 , fought in the Valley of Siddim. When we talk about kings fighting a war, remember that it wasn’t just 9 men going at in a royal rumble, but their armies battled each other. Thousands of men were on that battle field. King Chedorlaomer and his combined armies won the battle and sent the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah running back through the Valley of Siddim. King Chedorlaomer’s armies gave chase and took all of the Sodom and Gomorrah’s possessions and provisions along the way, including capturing a man named Lot and his family and possessions.
Abram heard about his nephew’s capture from an escapee. Abram didn’t take the news lightly. He led 318 of his family to Dan, where he divided his small force and attacked by night. Abram and 318 men defeated 4 armies, not only did they win, but they chased them away! With God’s help, Abram was able to rescue Lot, his family, and his possessions from a far superior foe.